Back pain between fact and fiction

3 Min Read

back pain

What you’ll learn

  • epidemiology
  • normal spinal anatomy and physiology
  • spinal degeneration
  • acute trauma
  • chorionic pathological changes


  • No prerequisites needed


Back pain is a very common problem that can affect people of all ages. It can range from a dull ache to a sharp, stabbing pain. Back pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Muscle strains or sprains
  • Disc problems, such as herniated discs
  • Arthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Poor posture
  • Heavy lifting
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy

Most back pain is acute, meaning it lasts for a short period of time. However, some back pain can be chronic, meaning it lasts for 12 weeks or more.

There are a number of things you can do to help prevent back pain, such as:

  • Maintaining good posture
  • Exercising regularly
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Lifting objects properly
  • Using good ergonomics at work

If you do experience back pain, there are a number of things you can do to relieve the pain, such as:

  • Applying heat or ice
  • Taking over-the-counter pain medication
  • Getting massage therapy
  • Doing stretching exercises

If your back pain is severe or does not improve with home treatment, it is important to see a doctor to determine the underlying cause and get appropriate treatment.

How to ease back pain yourself

Back pain often improves on its own within a few weeks. There are things you can do to help speed up your recovery.


  • stay active and try to continue with your daily activities
  • take anti-inflammatory medicine like ibuprofen – paracetamol on its own is not recommended for back pain but it may be used with another painkiller
  • use an ice pack (or bag of frozen peas) wrapped in a tea towel to reduce pain and swelling
  • use a heat pack (or hot water bottle) wrapped in a tea towel to relieve joint stiffness or muscle spasms
  • try doing some exercises and stretches for back pain


  • do not stay in bed for long periods of time

Who this course is for:

  • every one
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